How To Replace A Power Steering Pump
You wake up after a good night’s sleep and get ready to go out and get yourself a cup of coffee, not at all expecting that you are going to have to replace your power steering pump today. You approach your car, get inside, and spin the keys, but as soon as you try and move the steering wheel, you realize the steering wheel has hardened and is very difficult to turn. You also hear a loud squeal coming from the engine. Is it something serious? Is your car about to blow up? Well, the answer is no. This loud squealing sound is your car’s steering belt being a bit looser than usual.
After you have diagnosed the problem, you realize today might not be the day to go and get your regular coffee, so instead, now you plan to go to the workshop and get the power steering pump replaced and all that hassle.
Well, we are here to tell you that you do not have to go to the workshop and spend money on replacing your power steering pump when you can do it at home by yourself.
Parts Required To Replace Power Steering Pump:
To do this, you will need a couple of new power steering parts, which you can buy online pretty quickly. Those parts are mentioned below:
- You will need some basic toolsets like pliers, wrenches, a ratchet, some sockets, extensions, and a funnel.
- It will also require a power steering pump kit. This kit includes a new power steering pump, some crush washers, a fluid reservoir, a low-pressure line, a high-pressure line, and a power steering fluid.
- You will need a ramp or a jack and jack stance to lift the car’s front end as the power steering pump is accessed from underneath the vehicle.
STEP 1: Drain The Power Steering System
Once you have gathered all the necessary components for the new power steering wheel, the first thing you should do is, go ahead and drain the power steering fluid as much as possible. This is to reduce any steering fluid to leak while replacing the pump. The fluid reservoir can be accessed quite easily by just removing the front bonnet.
STEP 2: Disconnect The Power Steering System
This is an important step. To remove the power steering pump, you first have to take off the power steering pulley and then disconnect the whole power steering system from the pump. For this, you need to do the following:
- Unscrew the pulley with the help of a wrench, take off the power steering belt and then take off the pulley.
- Disconnect the battery cables.
STEP 3: Removing The Old Pressure Lines
Right behind the pulley, you will find your high-pressure line. To loosen it, you need to loosen up the high-pressure line bolt and then pop the cable out of the pump. After doing this, the residual steering fluid should come pouring out, so definitely keep a retainer at the location before removing the high-pressure line.
Now comes the time to remove the low-pressure line. Disconnect the hose connector of the low-pressure cable and take off the hose from the power steering pump.
STEP 4: Removing The Old Power Steering Pump
After disconnecting the pressure lines, remove the power steering pump by unscrewing the bolts, and it will simply come off.
The old fluid reservoir also needs to be replaced. This is done by disconnecting the hose clamp and removing the whole fluid reservoir. This old fluid reservoir could now be replaced with a new one. A new fluid reservoir is brought in and tightened at the same spot, and the fluid hoses connected to the old pool are attached to it.
STEP 5: Replacing The Old Pressure Lines
The bolts connecting the old pressure lines should be unscrewed from the mainframe bracket, and the lines will come off. The new pressure lines are to be installed at the same place and connected to the mainframe bracket.
STEP 6: Installing The New Steering Wheel Pump
The new steering wheel pump should be attached to the same placed and the same way as the old pump. Once the pump is installed, the high and low-pressure lines should be connected to the pump. Afterwards, the new pulley should be installed at the power steering pump, and the power steering belt should be secured over the pulley just like before.
STEP 7: Putting In New Power Steering Fluid
When the new power steering pump has been installed, the fluid reservoir should be filled with new power steering fluid. Once the pool has been filled, the steering wheel should be rotated and locked once to the right and also once to the left. This will cause the steering fluid to flush into the new dry pump and lubricate the new power steering pump.
Let us know in the comment section that how these steps have proven useful and how these steps have helped you save your hard-earned money.